设置ORACLE自动内存管理

概述:文章参考:ORACLE11g官方文档[ManagingMemory]前言:之前搭建数据库集群环境后,现场的维护人员不知何时改为了手动内存管理,且参数设置存在不合理,导致客户plsql执行报错,如下所示:查看数据库日志,有如下提示:WedMar1500:15:082017Errorsinfile/app/oracle/d

概述:文章参考:ORACLE11g官方文档[ManagingMemory]前言:之前搭建数据库集群环境后,现场的维护人员不知何时改为了手动内存管理,且参数设置存在不合理,导致客户plsql执行报错,如下所示:查看数据库日志,有如下提示:WedMar1500:15:082017Errorsinfile/app/oracle/d。

设置ORACLE自动内存管理

文章参考:ORACLE 11g官方文档[Managing Memory]

前言:之前搭建数据库集群环境后,现场的维护人员不知何时改为了手动内存管理,且参数设置存在不合理,导致客户plsql执行报错,如下所示:

查看数据库日志,有如下提示:

Wed Mar 15 00:15:08 2017

Errors in file /app/oracle/diag/rdbms/resdb/resdb1/trace/resdb1_ora_12320832.trc (incident=441054):

ORA-04031: unable to allocate 56 bytes of shared memory (“streams pool”,”unknown object”,”streams pool”,”fixed allocation

callback”)

Incident details in: /app/oracle/diag/rdbms/resdb/resdb1/incident/incdir_441054/resdb1_ora_12320832_i441054.trc

Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.

See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.

Wed Mar 15 16:11:30 2017

Errors in file /app/oracle/diag/rdbms/resdb/resdb1/trace/resdb1_ora_8126806.trc (incident=440838):

ORA-04031: ·¨·2 2Э′”shared pool”,”SELECT TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER.”,”sqlA”,”tmp”)

Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.

See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.

Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.

See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.

Errors in file /app/oracle/diag/rdbms/resdb/resdb1/trace/resdb1_m000_10879616.trc (incident=442639):

ORA-04031: unable to allocate 536 bytes of shared memory (“shared pool”,”select /* rule */ bucket,e.”,”sqlA^bbcee4f7″

,”qerixs : rixalo”)

Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.

See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.

Wed Mar 15 16:11:31 2017

Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20170315161131],requested by (instance=1,osid=10879616 (M000)),summary=[inc

ident=442638].

Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.

See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.

Wed Mar 15 16:11:32 2017

Sweep [inc][442639]: completed

查看数据库内存参数设置,并未是自动内存管理,设置自动内存管理模式处理。

问题处理过程

内存管理:自动内存管理、手动内存管理

自动内存管理:oracle 11g后支持PGA和SGA的自动内存管理,只需设置实例的总内存大小,根据需要自动分配PGA和SGA大小;

手动内存管理:如果想要手动管理内存设置,这个就需要DBA根据环境需要进行适当设置了。

自动内存管理设置:只需修改初始化参数设置MEMORY_TARGET和可选参数设置MEMORY_MAX_TARGET

设置自动内存管理步骤:

1.以sysdba权限的用户登录数据库

查看当前数据库SGA_TARGET和PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET的参数设置

sql show parameter sga_target

NAME TYPE VALUE

———————————— ———– ——————————

sga_target big integer 0

sql show parameter pga_aggregate_target

NAME TYPE VALUE

———————————— ———– ——————————

pga_aggregate_target big integer 160000M

执行如下SQL查询语句,确认实例启动时分配PGA的最大值

sql select value from v$pgastat where name=maximum PGA allocated

VALUE

———-

4620300288

根据如下公式计算其参数值:

memory_target = sga_target max(pga_aggregate_target,maximum PGA allocated)

2.初始化参数MEMORY_MAX_TARGET

首先查看当前数据库中MEMORY_MAX_TARGET参数

sql show parameter MEMORY_MAX_TARGET

NAME TYPE VALUE

———————————— ———– ——————————

memory_max_target big integer 0

sql ALTER SYSTEM SET MEMORY_MAX_TARGET = 160000M SCOPE = SPFILE SID=*

ALTER SYSTEM SET MEMORY_TARGET = 160000MSCOPE = SPFILE SID=*

ALTER SYSTEM SET PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET = 0SCOPE = SPFILESID=*

3.重启数据库

4.自动内存管理监控

The dynamic performance viewV$MEMORY_DYNAMIC_COMPONENTSshows the current sizes of all dynamically tuned memory components,including the total sizes of the SGA and instance PGA.

sql select * from v$memory_target_advice order by memory_size

总结

以上是为你收集整理的设置ORACLE自动内存管理全部内容,希望文章能够帮你解决设置ORACLE自动内存管理所遇到的程序开发问题。

0 条回复 A 作者 M 管理员
    所有的伟大,都源于一个勇敢的开始!
欢迎您,新朋友,感谢参与互动!欢迎您 {{author}},您在本站有{{commentsCount}}条评论